Do you have what it takes to become an FBI special agent? Do you have a sincere desire to enforce federal laws and investigate crimes? This job requires hard work and can oftentimes be dangerous and stressful. You'll undoubtedly be in close contact with criminals and victims. But a special agent's job is rewarding if you enjoy serving the public. Long before applying for a job as an FBI special agent, you'll need to plan carefully what you need to do to qualify.
The FBI Special Agent
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) special agents are the Government's primary investigators who investigate criminal violations of over 260 statutes not assigned to another agency. Agents may conduct surveillance, monitor wiretaps, examine financial records, or participate in undercover assignments, just to name a few.
The FBI investigates organized crime, white collar crime, such as health care fraud, counterterrorism, copyright infringement, civil rights violations, bank robbery, extortion, kidnapping, terrorism, espionage, violent crimes, drug trafficking, and other violations of Federal statutes.
The following was adapted from The Federal Bureau of Investigation, Facts and Figures 2003, FBI Priorities at http://www.fbi.gov/priorities/priorities.htm
"Protect the United States from terrorist attack. Protect the United States against foreign intelligence operations and espionage. Protect the United States against cyber-based attacks and high-technology crimes. Combat public corruption at all levels. Protect civil rights. Combat transnational and national criminal organizations and enterprises. Combat major white-collar crime. Combat significant violent crime. Support federal, state, county, municipal, and international partners. Upgrade technology to successfully perform the FBI's mission."
- Be a U.S. citizen, or a citizen of the Northern Mariana Islands
- Be at least 23 of age but under 37
- Be available to work when and where needed
- Pass hearing and vision tests, including a color vision test
- Possess a valid driver's license
- Be in excellent physical condition
- Possess a national or regionally accredited 4-year degree in a foreign language, law, accounting, or another field, plus three years of full-time employment.
- The FBI looks for job applicants who have skills in interrogation, report writing, surveillance, and giving testimony. The selection process also includes cognitive tests, an interview, background check, polygraph test, and drug test.
The FBI also looks for individuals with character traits, such as honesty and sound judgement.
Phystical Training Requirements
An example of a requirement would be the PRT, a 1.5 mile run test, passed with scores of 14 minutes, 10 seconds or under for females, and 12 minutes, 40 seconds or under for males.
The candidate for a scientist position must first qualify under an existing entry program and have a degree in physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, nursing, bio-chemistry, Forensics, Medical specialties, or related field. The candidate for a Forensic Scientist position should major in biochemistry, biology, or biotechnology. The Forensic scientist analyzes evidence such as hairs, firearms, DNA, photographs, fingerprints, and handwriting examples, and testifies verbally and in writing.
Advice From a Former FBI Profiler
John Douglas, a former FBI profiler, offers the follow advice for aspiring FBI special agents:
- Seek leadership opportunities
- Develop skills the FBI desires
- Do community service
- Maintain a clean record -- no jail term or felony -- and good credit
- Maintain good grade point average
- Consider ROTC
- Complete an internship
Don't major in a course you dislike, such as accounting, because you think it will help you to become a special agent. "Make sure your primary focus is finding a career you enjoy," says Douglas.
Handbook Forensic Services
Physical Training Requirements
For more information on employment as a FBI Special Agent, check your phone directory for your state FBI office. Or visit the FBI at http://www.fbi.gov.
Sources: the Occupational Outlook Handbook 2002-2003 Federal Bureau of Investigation at www.fbi.gov
John Douglas's Guide to Careers in the FBI,1998, Kaplan Books, Simon and Schuster, New York.
Diana Clarke is a California credentialed teacher and freelance writer. Her articles have appeared in publications, such as the San Jose Mercury News, Saratoga News and a high school health magazine, Listen Magazine.© 2003 Diana Clarke
The views and opinions expressed in these articles do not necessarily reflect those of College Central Network, Inc. or its affiliates. Reference to any company, organization, product, or service does not constitute endorsement by College Central Network, Inc., its affiliates or associated companies. The information provided is not intended to replace the advice or guidance of your legal, financial, or medical professional.