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Eye Conditions and Their Symptoms

Dr. Mark Fromer -- With less than 50% of Americans getting regular eye exams, we often take our vision for granted. Here's an "A to Z" checklist of eye conditions to keep your eye on.

Itchy, red, swollen, tearing eyes may mean eye allergies.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
Amblyopia (or "lazy eye") is a vision development problem in infants and young children that not treated, can lead to permanent vision loss.

Bell's Palsy
This condition causes sudden paralysis of one side of the face. Because of inability to blink, patients may develop severe dry eye.

Inflammation of the eyelids can cause chronic eye irritation, tearing, foreign body sensation and crusty debris.

Cataract is clouding of the natural lens of the eye. The most important factor in cataract formation is increasing age, but there are additional factors too.

A chalazion is a lump of the lid that is caused by obstruction of the drainage duct of an oil gland within the upper or lower eyelid.

Color Blindness
color blindness is the inability to distinguish the differences between certain colors.

Corneal Ulcer
A corneal ulcer is an open sore on the cornea — the clear front window of the eye.

Detached Retina
In retinal detachment the retina peels away from its underlying layer of support tissue. Flashes of light and floating spots are classic warning signs of a detached retina

Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry eye syndrome can have many different causes and in many cases, there is no single identifiable cause.

Eye Occlusions (Eye Strokes)
Sudden vision loss can occur when a clot or blockage interrupts blood flow to vital eye structures.

Eye Twitching
Eyelid twitches and spasms are maddening. The most common things that make the muscle in your eyelid twitch are fatigue, stress, and caffeine.

Floaters, Flashes and Spots
While annoying, ordinary eye floaters and spots are very common and usually aren't cause for alarm, but they also may signal a serious problem, like a detached retina.

Macular Hole
Macular hole is a small break in the macula, the central area of the retina that is responsible for central vision.

Uncontrollable eye movements from nystagmus often have neurological causes.

Ocular Migraine
Ocular migraines are painless, temporary visual disturbances that can affect one or both eyes.

Ocular Rosacea
Ocular rosacea is a skin condition that often results in eye and eyelid irritation.

Optic Neuritis and Optic Neuropathy
Optic neuritis is the inflammation of the optic nerve (the bundle of nerve fibers that transmit visual information to your brain from your eye) that may cause a complete or partial loss of vision.

High sensitivity to all types of light, has variety of cause and there are a number of treatments on hand, depending on the primary cause.

Pinguecula and Pterygium
Pingueculae and pterygia are fleshy tissue that grows over the corneas (the clear front window of the eye).

Ptosis is also called "drooping eyelid." It is caused by weakness of the muscle responsible for raising the eyelid. Drooping eyelids can be corrected.

Sjogren's Syndrome
sjogren’s syndrome is a systemic autoimmune disease. Dry eyes, dry mouth, joint pain, and fatigue are primary symptoms.

Strabismus is a disorder in which the two eyes do not line up in the same direction. With early diagnosis and treatment, the problem can usually be corrected.

A sty (hordeolum) is a very common infection of a gland at the edge of the eyelid. It occurs when bacteria infect one of the tiny glands at the base of the eyelid hairs.

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage
Sudden redness in the white of the eye may be a subconjunctival hemorrhage. It looks as though you have blood on the eye. It can look alarming, but it is usually harmless.

Uveitis is a term for inflammation of the eye. Symptoms may include vision loss, redness of the eye, blurred vision, and ocular pain.

Mark D. Fromer, M.D., board certified ophthalmologist in surgery and treatment of eye diseases, has the distinction of being the eye surgeon for the New York Rangers hockey team. Dr. Fromer specializes in laser vision correction procedures, lectures extensively throughout the U.S., and maintains a very active role in teaching advanced surgical techniques and laser vision correction surgery to fellow ophthalmologists. For more information on this and other forms of advanced vision care, visit Fromer Eye Centers.

© 2013 Dr. Mark Fromer

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